About Forensic Science
Forensic science is meant for those with a knack for solving mind-boggling investigatory crimes. Also known as ‘criminalistics’ makes use of diverse branches of science such as biology, physics, chemistry, psychology, and social sciences. It is an adventurous domain to work in.
Forensic Science Specialization
- Specialization courses in this offshoot of science are forensic biology, forensic ballistics, forensic botany, forensic toxicology, forensic serology, forensic chemistry, forensic entomology, forensic psychology, cytology, and dactyloscopy.
- A forensic ballistic expert examines evidence related to firearms at crime scenes and explains findings in court.
- A forensic physiologist provides physiological services and analyses the criminal justice system.
- Forensic toxicologists perform tests on body tissues and fluids to find chemicals.
- Handwriting experts probe documents related to crime investigation using scientific processes and methods.
- Forensic anthropologists gather and interpret evidence to assist identification of human remains to find out plausible causes of death.
- Forensic entomologists determine the time of a person’s death and examine insects on the human body.
- Forensic botany explores the use of plants and plant parts in the investigation of criminal cases or legal disputes.
- Forensic serology involves the detection, identification, classification of various bodily fluids such as blood, semen, urine, saliva, or vomit.
- Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry. They assist in the identification of unknown material found at a crime scene.
Forensic Science Courses Options
- Full-time courses are B.Sc in Forensic Science, M.Sc in Forensic Science, M.Sc in Forensic Science and Criminology, M.Sc in Information Technology and Cyber Forensics, Ph.D. in Disciplines of Forensic Sciences, M.D in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.
- Diploma courses in forensic science are Advanced Diploma Course Certification in Forensic Sciences and Criminology, Diploma in Document Examination, Diploma in Fingerprint Examination, Post Graduate Diploma in Cyber Crime Investigation and Computer Forensics, and Post Graduate Diploma in Forensic Psychology.
- Certificate courses in forensic science are Certificate Course in Forensic Science and Certificate Course in the Basics of Diet Therapy.
- B.Sc in Forensic Science is a three-year UG course and its course highlights are an introduction to criminology, criminal behavior, behavior science, blood pattern analysis, DNA fingerprinting and handwriting analysis. Students can take admission based on merit or entrance exams such as CG PAT, IISER IAT, OUAT, GSAT, BHU UET, and NEST. The skills required are analytical skills, technical skills, and observation skills.
- Advanced Diploma Course Certification in Forensic Sciences and Criminology requires the application of scientific principles in relation to the legal system. This course can be taken up after completion of a bachelor’s degree. Subjects of study are general forensic science, criminology, criminal law, forensic psychology, and instrumentation.
- Diploma in Document Examination is a one-year course which can be done after bachelor’s degree. The subjects taught in this diploma are the basics of document experimentation, conventional techniques of document experimentation, advanced techniques in document experimentation, and dissertation.
- The diploma in Fingerprint Examination is for one year and students who have passed class 12 can sign up for this course. Subjects of study are an introduction to the science of fingerprint, fingerprint record and taking, fingerprint development techniques, identification of fingerprint, and comparison of the fingerprint.
- Post Graduate Diploma in Forensic Science focuses on the study of human biology and investigation of crime scientifically. Diploma in Criminology deals with the study of criminal behavior, crime prevention methods, rate of crime, and working of criminal justice system.
- Post Graduate Diploma in Forensic Psychology is an intriguing career option conflating psychological theory with the development of practical skills and understanding of professional practice in forensic psychology.
Forensic Science Job Profiles
Forensic expert, crime scene investigator, teacher, professor, crime reporter, handwriting expert, forensic linguistics, forensic pathologists, forensic geologists, forensic artists, investigative officers, forensic scientist, law consultant, forensic engineer, fingerprint experts, forensic chemists, drug analyst, forensic anthropologists, and forensic photographers are career prospects in India.
Forensic Science Recruitment
Recruiters for forensic science graduates are the Intelligence Bureau, hospitals, law firms, Central Government forensic science labs, quality control bureau, universities, Central Bureau of Investigation, police departments, army, detective agencies, and banks.
Forensic Science Colleges
- Famous colleges for forensic science in Bangalore are SOGS, Jain University, Garden City University, Grastiol Labs, and Karnataka University.
- Leading colleges in Mumbai are the Institute of Forensic Science, National College, Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology, and St. Xavier’s College.
- Popular colleges in Delhi are Amity University, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, and Lovely Professional University.
- MIT School of Engineering and Shankarrao College are a few colleges in Pune.
- Karanavati University, Saha Foundation, Medical College, RG Kar Medical College, and Charuchandra College are some colleges in Kolkata.
- The choicest colleges in Jaipur are Vivekanand University, Apex University, Rajasthan University, and ICFAI University.
- The best colleges placement–wise are Gujarat University, Benaras Hindu University, Chandigarh Group of Colleges, Pondicherry University, and Karunya Institute of Technology and Science.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is the scope of forensic science in India?
Eyeing the crime rise in our country, it necessitates the presence of professionals for investigation.
- What are the best books for reference in forensic science?
Physical Evidence in Forensic Science (Henry C), The Essentials of Forensic medicine & Toxicology (K.S.N Reddy) and Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials (B R Sharma).
- What are the requirements to become a forensic scientist?
The fundamental skills needed are investigation, research skills, strong communication skills, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills.
- How to get a job in forensics?
After getting a bachelor’s degree, a person can apply for jobs as a fresher or pursue a master’s and then hunt for a job.
- How much does a forensic scientist earn?
A forensic scientist earns between four to five lakhs per annum.